Keith Campbell

Idea: 1.Cloning of animals

2.Genetic development

"What I want to try to explain to people this evening is a little bit of the history and a little bit of the science behind cloning. But more importantly, what I would hope they go away with, is some of the positive uses of this technology. We are not all mad scientists. We are not all looking to clone ourselves. The positive benefits that this may have for human therapeutic medicine and improving the quality of life for people with certain genetic disorders."

Keith Campbell, Interview by the Marine Biological Laboratory, 22 June, 2001.

"In November 1999, Keith left PPL therapeutics to become Professor of Animal Development at the University of Nottingham. Here he continues research into the basic mechanisms underlying development and differentiation in order to improve and understand the cloning process. Uses transgenic animals as models for research and pursues interests in therapeutic stem cells and the cell cycle. The major objectives of these studies are to reprogram differentiated cells to become stem cells whilst avoiding the requirement for embryo production, to produce animal models for cell therapies and develop strategies for transplantation."

The University of Nottinham, Stuff Look-Up, http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/biosciences/lookup/lookup_role.php?id=NjA0MjI0&page_var=personal, viewed 5th April 2009.

Alfred Noble

Idea: 1. Pay attention to the person who make great contribution to human developement.
2. Encourage people to concern about human developing.
3.ne key word for concept: conflict/painful (Noble's invention is conflict with his original intention. People use explosive in war. Nobel feels painful for it. This is the reason he set the Noble Prize.)

"I intend to leave after my death a large fund for the promotion of the peace idea, but I am skeptical as to its results."

Alfred Noble, Brainyquote, http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/a/alfrednobe142899.html, viewed Apirl 4, 2009.

"The whole of my remaining realizable estate shall be dealt with in the following way: the capital, invested in safe securities by my executors, shall constitute a fund, the interest on which shall be annually distributed in the form of prizes to those who, during the 6The Nobel Prize Winning Discoveries in Infectious Diseases Alfred Nobel and the Nobel Prizes7 preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind. The said interest shall be divided into five equal parts, which shall be apportioned as follows: one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery or invention within the field of physics; one part to the person who shall have made the most important chemical discovery or improvement; one part to the person who shall have made the most important discovery within the domain of physiology or medicine; one part to the person who shall have produced in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction, and one part to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses…"

Rifkind, D 2005, Alfred Nobel and the Noble Prize, The Nobel Prize Winning Discoveries in Infectious Diseases, Elsevier, Burlington, pp. 6-7.

Jacques-Yves Cousteau

Idea: 1. Man can live under water.
2. The ocean is valuable.
3.Concept in my design: different feeling and sight when human go to another environment, for example under sea. Jacques must like the feeling that his sight can go through different spaces.
"From birth, man carries the weight of gravity on his shoulders. He is bolted to the earth. But when man has only to sink beneath the surface and he is free. Buoyed by -water, he can fly in any direction - up, down, sideways- by merely flipping his hand. Underwater, man becomes an archangel."
Jacques-Yves Cousteau, "Poet of the Depths" Time, March 28, 1960, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,826158-1,00.html, viewed April 4, 2009.

"Cousteau wondered if man could ever live on the ocean floor. To explore this possibility, in 1962 he built a living chamber on a continental shelf,a shallow underwater plain bordering a continent. Called Conshelf, the watertight chamber was situated approximately 39 feet (12 m) below the surface of the Mediterranean Sea near Marseilles. Radio and video cables provided a connection between the surface and the living quarters for two aquanauts.The aquanauts left the chamber daily to explore the surrounding oceanic waters and hosted visitors. After one week, they exhibited no negative physiological effects."

"Cousteau used his fame to promote a message of conservation and protection of the world’s oceans. As a source for food, minerals, and rainfall, as well as being a temperature moderator, the oceans were too valuable to pollute or exploit. He founded the nonprofit Cousteau Society in 1973 to communicate this message. He showed the public photographs of marine organisms tangled in nets and ocean debris to garner support. In 1991 he started a petition to adopt a “Bill of Rights for Future Generations” that addressed the long-range troubles caused by pollution. He was appointed to the United Nations High Level Advisory Board on Sustainable Development in 1993. France named Cousteau chairman of a newly created Council on the Rights of Future 102Marine ScienceJacques-Yves Cousteau103 Generations, but Cousteau resigned in 1995 to protest nuclear testing in the Pacific Ocean."

McCutcheon, S & Bobbi 2005, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, Marine Science, Infobase, New York, p. 100, 103.